A dental extraction involves the complete removal of a tooth from its socket. A trained dentist would carry out an extraction after administering local anesthesia to the patient. An extraction would be necessary when a tooth has been infected by severe cavities, damaged due to external trauma, impacted, or in order to make space for the movement of teeth while receiving orthodontic treatment.
Dr. Ida Alfonso is a trained dental professional who has carried out numerous extractions over her long-spanning career. Along with a dedicated team and state-of-the-art technology, she has made sure that her practice in Carlsbad, CA is one of the very best in the region.
When is an extraction required?
- Cavities: One of the most common causes that leads to a dental extraction is tooth decay. Cavities are caused due to the accumulated plaque and tartar on the surface of the teeth that have the ability to erode the enamel by releasing harmful acids. When the tooth gets infected, we would try every method of treatment to save and restore it. But when they don’t succeed at restoring the tooth, it will have to be extracted to prevent the gums and remaining teeth from getting infected as well.
- Malocclusion: Sometimes, the teeth appear so crowded that the aesthetics of the smile would be completely ruined by it. A tooth or two may have to be extracted to make sure the remaining teeth get enough space to move during the orthodontic treatment.
- Impaction: Impacted wisdom teeth are the ones that tend to get stuck in the socket while emerging. They do not stay under the gums, nor do they fully erupt, causing immense pain. If left untreated, they can lead to infection as well, which is why it is best to get them extracted.
- External trauma: When you take a hard blow to the mouth, it could damage the teeth severely. Sometimes, the teeth could end up broken so bad that there is no means of restoring them and will have to be extracted.
How is a tooth extracted?
The teeth will be cleaned thoroughly to get rid of the microbes. Local anesthesia will be administered to avoid pain and discomfort prior to starting the procedure. Once the anesthesia takes effect, the dentist would firmly grip the tooth using forceps and give it mild jerks to loosen it from the socket. Once it is free, it will be extracted in one pull and the patient would barely feel it (most patients say that they felt no pain, but a mild sensation of pressure).
After the extraction, you’ll be asked to bite into a piece of gauze to control the bleeding and to form a clot. It is best if you’re accompanied by someone to our practice so that they can take you home after the procedure (the anesthesia would take its time to wear off). You shouldn’t eat anything too hot or spicy for the next few days until the wound heals perfectly. Brushing and flossing must also be done with caution.
Call us at (760) 931-0144 or schedule an online appointment to know more about dental extractions.